Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India
What are the Fundamental Rights?
Fundamental Rights are the provisions provided by the Constitution of India to protect the basic rights of every Indian citizen without any discrimination on the ground of caste, creed, sex, religion, and culture. Fundamental Rights are the basic principles of the Law of our Nation.
Types of Fundamental Rights
There are seven types of Fundamental Rights framed in the Constitution of India.
- Right to equality (Article 14-18)
- Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)
- Right against exploitation (Article 23-24)
- Right to freedom of religion (Article 25-28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
- Right to Property (Article 31)
- Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)
However, the Right to the property has been excluded and deleted from the lists of Fundamental Rights by the 44th Constitutional Amendment act, 1978. The Right to the property has been added under article 300(a), in part XII of Constitution of India. At present, there are only six Fundamental Rights.
Features of Fundamental Rights
1. Right to Equality (Article 14-18)
Right to Equality (Article 14) –
Prohibition of Discriminations on the ground of caste, creed, sex, religion, Birthplace (Article 15)
Equality of Opportunity in public employment (Article 16)
Prohibition of Untouchability (Article 17)
Abolition of Titles (Article 18)
2. Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)